Linux 中常用命令及缩写的全拼与其对应含义

部分命令缩写:

命令缩写 命令全拼/含义
pwd print work directory
打印当前目录,显示出当前工作目录的绝对路径
ps process status
进程状态,类似于 windows 的任务管理器
ps -auxf 显示进程状态
df disk free
其功能是显示磁盘可用空间数目信息及空间结点信息。换句话说,就是报告在任何安装的设备或目录中,还剩多少自由的空间。
du Disk usage
rpm RedHat Package Management
RedHat的发明之一
rmdir Remove Directory
删除目录
rm Remove
删除目录或文件
cat concatenate
连锁
cat file1file2>>file3 把文件1和文件2的内容联合起来放到file3中
insmod install module
载入模块
ln -s link -soft
创建一个软链接,相当于创建一个快捷方式
mkdir Make Directory
创建目录
man Manual
su Swith user
切换用户
cd Change directory
ls List files
ps Process Status
mkdir Make directory
rmdir Remove directory
mkfs Make file system
fsck File system check
uname Unix name
lsmod List modules
mv Move file
rm Remove file
cp Copy file
ln Link files
fg Foreground
bg Background
chown Change owner
chgrp Change group
chmod Change mode
umount Unmount
dd 本来应根据其功能描述“Convert an copy”命名为“cc”,但“cc”已经被用以代表“CComplier”,所以命名为“dd”
tar Tape archive
磁带档案
ldd List dynamic dependencies
insmod Install module
rmmod Remove module
lsmod List module
文件结尾的”rc” (如.bashrc、.xinitrc等) Resource configuration
Knnxxx /Snnxxx (位于rcx.d目录下) K (Kill);S (Service);
nn 执行顺序号
xxx 服务标识
.a (扩展名a) Archive,static library
.so (扩展名so) Shared object,dynamically linked library
.o (扩展名o) Object file,complied result of C/C++ source file
RPM Red hat package manager
dpkg Debian package manager
apt Advanced package tool
Debian或基于Debian的发行版中提供

部分 Linux 常见缩写

缩写 全拼/含义
bin Binaries
二进制文件
/dev Devices
设备
/etc Etcetera
等等
/lib LIBrary
/proc Processes
/sbin Superuser Binaries
超级用户的二进制文件
/tmp Temporary
临时
/usr Unix Shared Resources
/var Variable
变量
FIFO First In, First Out
GRUB GRand Unified Bootloader
IFS Internal Field Seperators
LILO LInux LOader
MySQL My 是最初作者女儿的名字
SQL Structured QueryLanguage
PHP Personal Home Page Tools
PS Prompt String
Perl “Pratical Extraction and Report Language”
实际的抽取和报告语言
=”Pathologically Eclectic Rubbish Lister”
Python 得名于电视剧 Monty Python’s Flying Circus
Tcl Tool Command Language
Tk ToolKit
VT Video Terminal
YaST Yet Another Setup Tool
apache “a patchy” server
apt Advanced Packaging Tool
ar archiver
as assembler
awk “Aho Weiberger and Kernighan”
三个作者的姓的第一个字母
bash Bourne Again SHell
bc Basic (Better) Calculator
bg BackGround
biff 作者 HeidiStettner 在 U.C.Berkely 养的一条狗, 喜欢对邮递员汪汪叫。
cal Calendar
日历
cat Catenate
链接
cd Change Directory
chgrp Change Group
chmod Change Mode
chown Change Owner
chsh Change Shell
cmp compare
cobra Common Object Request BrokerArchitecture
comm common
cp Copy
cpio CoPy In and Out
cpp C Pre Processor
cron Chronos
希腊文 时间
cups Common Unix Printing System
cvs Current Version System
daemon Disk And Execution MONitor
dc Desk Calculator
dd Disk Dump
磁盘转储
df Disk Free
diff Difference
dmesg diagnostic message
du Disk Usage
ed editor
egrep Extended GREP
elf Extensible Linking Format
elm ELectronic Mail
emacs Editor MACroS
eval EVALuate
ex EXtended
exec EXECute
执行
fd file descriptors
fg ForeGround
fgrep Fixed GREP
fmt format
fsck File System ChecK
fstab FileSystem TABle
fvwm F*** Virtual Window Manager
gawk GNU AWK
gpg GNU Privacy Guard
groff GNU troff
hal Hardware Abstraction Layer
joe Joe’s Own Editor
ksh Korn SHell
lame Lame Ain’t an MP3 Encoder
lex LEXical analyser
lisp LISt Processing
ln Link
lpr Line PRint
ls list
lsof LiSt Open Files
m4 Macro processor Version 4
man MANual pages
mawk Mike Brennan’s AWK
mc Midnight Commander
mkfs MaKe FileSystem
mknod Make Node
motd Message of The Day
mozilla MOsaic GodZILLa
mtab Mount TABle
mv Move
nano Nano’s ANOther editor
nawk New AWK
nl Number of Lines
nm names
nohup No HangUP
nroff New ROFF
od Octal Dump
passwd Passwd
pg pager
pico PIne’s message COmposition editor
pine “Program for Internet News &Email”
ping 拟声 又
pirntcap PRINTer CAPability
popd POP Directory
pr pre
printf Print Formatted
ps Processes Status
pty pseudo tty
pushd PUSH Directory
pwd Print Working Directory
rc runcom
rev REVerse
rm ReMove
rn Read News
roff RunOFF
rpm RPM Package Manager

rsh, rlogin, rvim中的:

缩写 全拼/含义
r Remote
rxvt ouR XVT
seamoneky
sed Stream Editor
seq SEQuence
shar Shell ARchive
slrn S-Lang rn
ssh Secure Shell
ssl Secure Sockets Layer
stty Set TTY
su Substitute User
svn SubVersion
tar Tape ARchive
tcsh TENEX C shell
tee T (T形水管接口)
telnet TEminaL over Network
termcap terminal capability
terminfo terminal information
tex τέχνη的缩写,希腊文art
tr traslate
troff Typesetter new ROFF
tsort Topological SORT
tty TeleTypewriter
twm Tom’s Window Manager
tz TimeZone
udev Userspace DEV
ulimit User’s LIMIT
umask User’s MASK
uniq UNIQue
i VIsual
vim Vi IMproved
wall write all
wc Word Count
wine WINE Is Not an Emulator
xargs eXtended ARGuments
xdm X Display Manager
xlfd X Logical Font Description
xmms X Multimedia System
xrdb X Resources DataBase
xwd X Window Dump
yacc yet another compiler compiler
Fish the Friendly Interactive SHell
su Switch User
MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
ECMA European Computer Manufacturers Association

整理自:linux常用命令全拼 by 飘飘雪

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